Cowslip - Pierwiosnek

Cowslip - Pierwiosnek

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Cowslip

Health Benefits and Therapeutic Uses of Cowslip

  • Cowslip leaves over the years have been used in preparation of sedative tea to treat hyperactivity and insomnia. In Europe, generations have used it as a home remedy for anxiety because of this sedating effect. The flowers are said to be milder, and the tea made out of them is known to calm hyperactive children and put them to sleep.
  • Besides this the cowslip flowers and roots are an expectorant and are used in the treatment of coughs, common colds and other flu like symptoms. In Europe it has been widely used as a home remedy for whooping cough. Presently there is great research investigating the usefulness of the plant in the treatment of asthma and other allergies.
  • Its antispasmodic properties are also under investigation for use in the treatment of tremors, epilepsy and Parkinson's disease.
  • Today, cowslip is used by herbalists to make skin cleaning lotions and is used by them to treat pimples, acne and other skin blemishes. Its unique astringent properties are very effective in removing dirt and opening the pores of skin.
  • Many folk remedies have used cowslip to reduce blood clotting and for rheumatic diseases like rheumatic arthritis and gout.
  • It has also been helpful as a herbal treatment for infections of the urinary tract and kidney complaints.
  • There are many different ways of using cowslip. An infusion can be made using dried Cowslip flowers over which boiling water is poured. It is left to infuse for ten minutes and then drunk as a treatment for colds.
  • Cowslip roots can be mixed with water and then boiled and set aside to cool. The resulting decoction is consumed on cooling and is beneficial to the heart and the circulatory system.
  • Cowslip syrup can be made by mixing the crushed flowers with honey and water. This home remedy is used in cases of breathing disorders like asthma and to treat coughs.
  • Cowslip tea has often been used as a herbal remedy to treat insomnia. One formula uses a mixture of 50gm of cowslip herb, 25gm. of lavender flowers, 15gm. of hop plant and 10gm. of St. John's wort herb. A teaspoonful of this mixture is mixed with a quarter liter of water and set to boil for 3 minutes. It is consumed while still warm.
  • Another method using cowslip flowers soaked in white wine is supposed to be of great benefit to the heart.

Pierwiosnek był doskonale znany już w czasach średniowiecza. Znana fitoterapeutka św. Hildegarda polecała wywary z pierwiosnka do leczenia bóli głowy, przeziębień i duszności. W medycynie ludowej używano pierwiosnka w bezsenności, migrenach, zawrotach głowy, jako lek napotny i moczopędny.
Kwiaty i korzeń pierwiosnka mają podobne działanie – lekko wykrztuśne i oczyszczające poprzez swoją działalność moczopędną.

Korzenie zawierają sporo saponin, które wpływają w sposób pośredni na działanie wykrztuśne, dlatego też wywary z nich są polecane w przewlekłych bronchitach, suchym kaszlu, pylicy. Pierwiosnek rozrzedza śluz i zwiększa jego produkcję w układzie oddechowym, co przynosi ulgę w suchym kaszlu. Jest często łączony z tymiankiem, np w syropieTussipect.

Napar z korzenia pierwiosnka to dawny, ludowy sposób na migrenowe bóle głowy, które występują na tle nerwowym, jest polecany jest przy dreszczach, bólach, zawrotach głowy, bezsenności,  suchym kaszlu. Kwiaty pierwiosnka  mają podobne działanie, co korzeń, ale delikatniejsze i z tego też względu są bardziej polecane dla dzieci.