Rose Hip - Róża Dzika

Rose Hip - Róża Dzika

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Rose Hip

A rose hip is the fruit of a rose. Also known as rose haw or rose hep. The wild dog rose is the type of rose most often cultivated for their hips. This plant grows up to ten feet tall and bears a white, very fragrant flower. Once the flower has bloomed, and all the petals have fallen off, the hip is picked and used in a wide variety of preparations. Rose hips are the best source of vitamin C; they contain 50% more vitamin C than oranges. A single tablespoon of the pulp gives an adult more than the recommended daily allowance of 60 mg. They can be eaten raw, after being put through a blender, or soaked in water overnight and then cooked in the water for about half an hour. Because of the high vitamin C content they are an excellent immune system booster, and are often used as a supplement to prevent or treat a cold. The pulp from rose hips may be used in sauces or made into jelly.

    Health benefits

    Diuretic and laxative

    The fruit acids and pectin in rose hip tea is a mild diuretic and laxative. It is used to improve, and relieve the symptoms of kidney disorders, or to help in the case of mild constipation. To make the tea simply pour a cup boiling water over a tablespoon of crushed, dried hips and let steep. After straining out any pieces of the hips you can add honey and drink.

    Treats skin ailments

    The astringent qualities of rose hip oil makes it a valuable addition in cosmetic preparations. It has the ability to help regenerate new skin cells. This can be used to treat scars, acne and burns. While it is an astringent, it does not dry out the skin; actually it helps to rehydrate it, keeping the moisture in. Drinking rose hip tea daily will also benefit your skin. Rose hips have a high vitamin A content. Vitamin A is commonly referred to as the "skin vitamin". It helps to regenerate skin cells, healing wounds and scars. It also helps to keep the skin elastic and nourished. This will not only prevent wrinkles, but can actually help to minimize any that have already appeared.

    Aids immune system

    The vitamin A is also beneficial to the immune system. It can help to prevent infections from both bacteria and viruses. It helps the immune system to fight off any infections that do occur too.

    Anti-inflammatory properties

    Many complementary medicine physicians use rose hips to treat wounds and inflammations. Research in Denmark and Germany used a rose hip remedy. The results showed that the remedy was actually very beneficial in treating rheumatoid arthritis. The group taking the remedy had an improvement in their mobility by 20 to 25%. They experienced less pain and a general overall improvement in mood and the way they felt. The studies showed significant improvement in individuals suffering from osteoarthritis as well, proving the anti-inflammatory properties.

    Antioxidants

    Because they contain a variety of antioxidants; carotenoids, flavonoids, polyphenols, leucoanthocyanins and catechins, rose hips are considered to be a good cancer preventative. These same antioxidants are also used to prevent against cardiovascular disease.

    Dzika róża: właściwości i wartość odżywcza

    Spośród ok. 1400 gatunków róż, w Polsce dziko rosną 23.  Odmiany dzikiej róży różnią się m.in. barwą kwiatów (od bladego różu po amarant) oraz kolorem i kształtem owoców (purpurowoczerwone albo koralowe, kuliste lub owalnie wydłużone). To właśnie one – kwiaty i owoce dzikiej róży, ze względu na bogactwo zawartych w nich substancji, stanowią surowiec zielarski.
    Owoce dzikiej róży są rekordowo zasobne w witaminę C – mają jej 30–40 razy więcej niż cytrusy. Jest w nich też dużo innych witamin – A, B1, B2, E, K, a ponadto kwasu foliowego, karotenoidów, flawonoidów, kwasów organicznych, garbników, pektyn. Stosuje się je w nadciśnieniu, chorobach serca, wątroby i jako lek witaminowy. Działają wzmacniająco i przeciwzapalnie, pomagają w nieżytach przewodu pokarmowego, chronią przed szkorbutem.
    Natomiast kwiaty – dzięki dużej ilości flawonoidów, antocyjanów, garbników i olejku eterycznego – stosuje się głównie przy niestrawności, bólach gardła i dolegliwościach skórnych. Naparem z różanych płatków można przemywać twarz, żeby odświeżyć cerę.